Delaware Supreme Court is the highest court in the State of Delaware.
The Court has final, appellate jurisdiction (which it must accept) in
criminal cases in which the sentence exceeds certain minimums, in civil
cases as to final judgments and for certain other orders of the Court
of Chancery, the Superior Court, and the Family Court. The Supreme Court
has discretionary jurisdiction to issue writs of prohibition, quo warranto,
certiorari, mandamus or to accept appeals of certain non-final orders
or certified questions. The Court processes about 550 to 600 cases each
year. There is no intermediate appellate court in Delaware. The Supreme
Court has offices in all three counties of the State. The Court sits in
Dover but the justices maintain their chambers in the counties where they
The Court decides appeals strictly on the
basis of the record in the court below and the written briefs. Parties
before the Supreme Court are not permitted to conduct discovery, call
witnesses, or offer any evidence that was not presented first to the court
The Court's procedures are published in the Rules of Court
and further explained in the Court's Internal Operating Procedures and
the Appellate Handbook.
Although Delaware has had a Supreme Court since 1776, a separate and
modern Supreme Court was established in 1951 by constitutional amendment.
The State's first separate Supreme Court initially consisted of three
justices, and was enlarged to the current five justices in 1978.
The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice
and four justices who are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the
Senate. The justices are appointed for 12-year terms. They must be learned
in the law and citizens of the State. Three of the justices must be of
one of the major political parties while the other two justices must be
of the other major political party.
The Court hears oral argument in about
30% of its cases. The rest are decided in conference on the briefs and
the record. Oral argument is a presentation by the lawyers and questions
from the court on the facts and the law involved in a case being appealed.
Oral argument, a tradition that dates back
to the early days of the English court system, is also used in the Supreme
Court of the United States and state appellate courts throughout the country.
a case is argued, the justices will have read the briefs and appendices
filed with the Clerk of the Supreme Court. These documents set forth the
parties' respective positions and assist the justices in deciding the
Oral argument is the only opportunity the justices have
to question, in person, the attorneys representing litigants about issues
raised in their briefs.
The appellant usually presents its argument
first with an opportunity to reserve part of the allotted time for rebuttal.
Each side has 20 minutes to argue its case before a three-justice panel
of the Court and 25 minutes before the en Banc (five member) Court.
The justices usually sit in panels of three
Justices to decide most cases, but they may also sit en Banc if a panel
is unable to reach a unanimous decision, if a death sentence is being
reviewed, or in certain other instances. On occasion, a justice may enter
a disqualification in a case because of a prior connection to the case,
a conflict of interest or other customary reasons for recusal. When this
happens, a judge from the Court of Chancery, the Superior Court, or a
retired Justice can be appointed to sit with the Court.
After Oral Argument
The justices hold a conference on each
case after oral argument (they do not normally discuss the merits of a
case before argument). At this time, the justices may take a tentative
vote on how the Court should resolve the case. The voting proceeds in
reverse order of seniority. Final opinions and orders of the Court must
be in writing. The Chief Justice or the head of the panel if the Chief
Justice is not assigned to the case, assigns the case to a justice to
write the opinion or order. When the draft is complete, the authoring
justice circulates it privately among the other justices for review and
Once an opinion is completed and approved by a majority
of the justices, it is filed with the Clerk of the Supreme Court or a
deputy clerk. The attorneys are notified and the opinion is released to
the public. Opinions of the Delaware Supreme Court are published in the
Atlantic Reporter and the Delaware Reporter published by West Publishing
Company. As a service to the public, Supreme
Court final opinions and orders are posted on this web site. The site
also includes court forms, rules, and photographs and biographies of current
of Legal Terms